Your puppy can be introduced to the grooming salon soon after their 2nd vaccination. The sooner you familiarise them with being groomed the happier your dog and you will be.
What a groomer asks of your puppy:
- To stand still on a table
- To be brushed and combed
- To be able to touch and hold paws
- To be able to bath and use a hairdryer
- To be able to use scissors and electric clippers (not all breeds)
You must remember that when you first introduce grooming at home, patience is key. The whole experience will seem alien to your puppy and it is completely normal for them to not cooperate initially. Start by choosing an appropriate location and a table to place them on with a towel or rubber mat on top to allow grip.
Your pet will soon remember this place and understand it as ‘grooming time’ and not play time.
Show your puppy the brush and let him sniff it, then gently brush the coat a few times, use lots of praise and a treat, do the same with the comb.
Begin with frequent short sessions using lots of praise and a treat. Touch your puppy’s feet and between the toes daily, this will make nail clipping easier.
Play with your puppy’s ears by touching them on the inside and out, also touching and holding puppy around the face, again lots of praise. This is important as many breeds require the hair to be plucked from their ears and hair to be cut or clipped from their face.
When buying a shampoo a hypo-allergenic or puppy shampoo diluted would be suitable. With all these points taken into consideration grooming your puppy/dog will be a happy enjoyable experience for you both.
Selecting a food for your puppy can be difficult especially as there are so many different types to choose from. It is important to select a complete diet for your puppy and ensure the volume you feed is in accordance with the feeding guidelines. Dry diets are often preferable as they are cheaper, easier to weigh out and store.
At Market Veterinary Centre we recommend Hills Veterinary diets. These diets have been formulated to a high quality and are designed to provide essential nutrition to your puppy throughout its lifetime.
Any changes to your puppy’s diet should be done gradually to avoid stomach upset and in general transitions should be made over a 7 day period.
Your puppy can get many types of worms but the most important to treat at this age is the roundworm. Puppies can be born with roundworm, can get them from the environment and can also become infected via their mother’s milk. The most significant roundworm is Toxocara Canis which on rare occasions can be passed to humans and cause blindness.
At Market Veterinary Centre we tailor worming regimes to each individual puppy dependant on its lifestyle. There are many worming products available and some can also be used to treat against fleas too.
As most houses are centrally heated, fleas are no longer just a summer time problem and we see just as many flea related conditions in the winter.
Fleas only live on the dog to feed and breed, the rest of their life cycle takes place in the environment meaning that 90% of flea problems are within the home! Just one female flea brought home by your pet can lay up to 50 eggs a day and 1500 in its lifetime.
The eggs are laid by the adult flea onto your pet but the eggs drop off into the environment which could be your carpet, sofa or your bed. They often spread rapidly throughout the home, in the carpets, sofas, beds and even the cracks of the floor and skirting boards. These areas provide the perfect breeding ground where the larvae can develop into new adults fleas in only a few weeks, hatching can be triggered by warmth, humidity and vibrations, it can take from a week to a year for them to hatch. It is therefore strongly advisable to use a regular preventative measure to stop this happening in your home.
If you are worried your puppy has fleas it is essential that you treat them and the environment quickly to avoid continuous burdens.
Vaccinations are essential to avoid your puppy contracting one of several potentially fatal infectious diseases.
There are four diseases covered by the routine vaccinations; parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, and leptospirosis.
Once your puppy has completed its initial course of vaccinations, annual boosters will be required to maintain its cover throughout its life. If your dog is going into kennels they will require a vaccine against kennel cough too.
Kennel cough is easily spread or caught when numerous dogs are housed in close proximity. It will be necessary to give the Kennel Cough vaccine at least 2 weeks before your dog goes into kennels and it can be given at any time.